Coal Fuel Still Dominates
According to the data presented by the Department of Energy, coal fuel has sustained its dominance in the power generation of the country with a share of 54.6 per cent. Following coal was natural gas with 21.2 per cent, geothermal at 10,1 per cent, oil at 3.5 per cent and renewable energy at 3.1 per cent.
While total electricity generation had been higher by 6.3 per cent to 106,041 gigawatt-hours, RE-based power generation was down by 5.5 per cent to 22,044GWh. A year ago, the various RE sources such as geothermal and hydro contributed to 20.8 per cent in the power mix.
Another report by the Independent Electricity Market Operator of the Philippines (IEMOP) said that “coal and natural gas accounted for more than 75 per cent of the generation mix in 2019, while geothermal and hydro came second in providing the bulk of the overall supply.” IEMOP also added that other technologies such as RE and oil had a minimal share in the generation mix and slightly vary every quarter.
Nonetheless, the spot market operator said that in the first quarter of 2019, “coal had its lowest share in the generation mix at 47.7 per cent primarily due to forced/maintenance outages of coal plants.” The same system, it said that “generation from natural gas plants had increased.”
During the second quarter, while generation from coal plants increased, gas plants decreased. The third quarter saw hydro output as, “a result of the rainy season,” which often increases reservoir level at the dams.
In summary, IEMOP said that “coal and natural gas still accounted for more than three-fourths of the generation mix.”