Coal: How to get the grades right on key parameters like calorific value, ash, and total moisture
by Philippine Resources - November 28, 2021
Coal trading is a very competitive landscape. While end customers buy the quality of coal based on what is compatible with their boilers and furnaces, the traders need to be vigilant in sourcing and supplying right grades. Buyers impose price discounts if the coal’s calorific value and other key parameters fall short of expected values. To secure the contracted revenue and avoid any discounts, exporters typically tend to supply higher grades than necessary. This in turn eats into their profit and erodes margins.
Price penalties are also put in place if exports exceed the specific amount of moisture in the coal, since the moisture adds to transportation costs. Not to mention that since exports are typically global and long distance, breach of moisture limits can pose stability issues to the ships. In the worst-case scenario, such shipments at the port could even be rejected.
In this article we share the idea about how coal mining companies, traders, and end-customers can achieve a "happy buyer-happy seller" agreement.
- Ash, ash composition, Sulphur, total moisture, and calorific value are critical information to decide value of the coal
- Avoid penalties by meeting the contractual specifications of the coal
- Bring down the production cost and improve yield
- Grade-wise stockpiling of the coal and
- Perfect blending in accordance with end customer specifications
- Incoming check of grades to verify specifications
- Verification of consistency or intrinsic deviation of the whole lot of material
- Optimization of coal yard management
- Blending of coal to target quality
- Optimize waste by safe use of low cost / low quality coal
- Bunker feed control in power plants
- Optimization of combustion parameters for boilers
- Assurance of optimal running conditions of boilers
- Minimize slagging and clinkerisation of ash in the boilers
- Reduced maintenance costs through minimal derating and boiler outages
About CNA Coal
CNA Coal has been designed for tough environments of mines, featuring the cutting-edge Sodern neutron technology with unmatched lifetime and stable neutron output (D-T PFTNA).
Coal is an important industrial mineral both as a fuel and feedstock. Coal quality can vary greatly depending on the source. Hence the usage and price are highly dependent on the composition. Whether located directly at a mine, a coal processing plant, a metallurgical plant, power plant or other usage point, the CNA can provide reliable real-time information on the coal composition, calorific value, ash content, volatile matter, and total moisture. The CNA with unique neutron generator technology enables measurement of a wide range of elements, including C and O.
- Get Real-time Analysis
- Proven On-Off electric neutron source
- Achieve High Intensity and performance on results
- Analyze all the elements of your interest, including C and O
- Enjoy Up-time and Savings with Long Term Availability of Neutron Source
- No need for frequent re-calibrations
- Automatic radiation protection system (ARPS) for unrivaled safety during operation and maintenance
- Fits wide ranging belt dimensions starting 600mm to 2200mm and beyond
Examples of Analysis in Coal
Ash and GCV
CNA Coal provides a powerful online monitoring tool using the D-T Pulsed Fast Thermal Neutron Activation (PFTNA). This makes it the only tool to provide ultimate and proximate analysis of coal in real time. The CNA helps provide coal of specific ash, calorific value, moisture; not more, not less…. exact!
CNA real time analyzers with unique D-T PFTNA technique are also available for elemental analysis of other ores and minerals viz. nickel, iron, bauxite, copper and lime.
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Philippine Resources - June 30, 2021
Be Confident to Make Good, Timely Decisions During your Nickel and Base Metal Mining Process
With new smart, easy and affordable XRF elemental analysis With extensive mining across the world, many mining companies are challenged with decreasing ore grades. “Geologists need not only reliable but frequent monitoring of the elemental composition of ores; so that they can make snap decisions to accurately predict and optimize recovery rates. This in turn making the extraction and separation of base metals - whether nickel, copper, zinc, a profitable process,” shares Dr Uwe Konig, global mining manager and geologist at Malvern Panalytical. Increase your process efficiency and recovery rate That is exactly why Malvern Panalytical offers comprehensive suite of material characterization tools, a safe, quick, and non-destructive method of elemental analysis known as X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). XRF and in particular Malvern Panalytical’s Epsilon range of benchtop spectrometers are widely used by global to small and medium-sized mining companies across the world. Delivering reliable high throughput analysis, so you can be confident to make good decisions Malvern Panalytical’s R&D team has designed a revolutionary model, the Epsilon 4. We are proud that Epsilon 4 combines high analytical performance with low running costs. One of our customers, Ms. Monica Velasco of Berong Nickel Corporation shared, “The Epsilon4 is easy to use. It consistently delivers results according to set standards and is reproducible across different analysis methods. Initial cost is justifiable for the quality of the product. “ “The Epsilon 4 is easy to use. It consistently delivers results according to set standards and is reproducible across different analysis methods. Initial cost is justifiable for the quality of the product,“ says Ms Monica Velasco of Berong Nickel Corporation Notice the significant improvements in sensitivity with the Epsilon 4 spectrum (yellow) compared to our earlier model the Epsilon 3 (blue spectrum) Fast and sensitive Fast measurements are achieved by using latest silicon drift detector technology that produces significantly higher intensities. Unique detector electronics enable a linear count rate capacity to over 1,500,000 cps (at 50% dead time) and a count rate independent resolution typically better than 135 eV for better separation of analytical lines in the spectrum. This allows the Epsilon 4 spectrometer to run at full power, resulting in higher intensities and therefore, giving better data quality, better limits of detection, lesser interference from overlapping elements and a much higher sample throughput compared to traditional EDXRF benchtop instruments. (See comparison with earlier model in Figure 1). Case study: accurate & repeatable measurements of nickel in as fast as 5minutes 25 secondary nickel ore standards containing Ni, Co, Mg, Mn, Zn, Al, Cr, Ca and Si were used to set up the calibration. All elements were measured in air medium. On the left, note that the calibration plots demonstrate good correlation between the given concentrations and the measured intensities. On the right, notice the low standard deviations and high repeatability (Repeatability data missing) achieved. Combining the latest excitation & detection technologies and smart design, this data demonstrates how the analytical performance of Epsilon 4 approaches that of more powerful and floor-standing spectrometers. High throughput analysis with unattended operations of Epsilon 4 The combination of a 10-position removable sample changer with spinner enables the automatic processing of sample batches without the need for operator attention. Continuous rotation of the sample during measurement minimizes any errors caused by non-homogeneity or surface irregularities within individual samples and provides more accurate results. Automatic transfer of data to a central location gives you access to the latest results. Did you know that you can even link the Epsilon 4 to an automation arm for continuous sample loading? Reduce expensive running costs with smart Epsilon 4 technology Little or no expensive sample preparation unlike other traditional elemental methods like ICP or AAS which require long durations of samples digested in acid. Reduce overheads without comprising on performance. The high performance of Epsilon 4 enables many applications to be operated in air atmosphere, without longer overhead time and costs involved for helium or maintenance of vacuum system. Even when measuring in air, Epsilon 4’s smart built-in sensors compensate for temperature or pressure variations. Hence ensuring excellent results whatever the weather. Save on calibration maintenance thanks to our new low-drift X-ray tube and automatic drift correction. Especially for high throughput environments, this ensures no downtime for calibration maintenance. You can be confident of your results always. We take care of your needs from instrumentation to CRMs to tailored standards For the mining and minerals industry, Malvern Panalytical has specially developed a unique set of 15 synthetic, multi-element wide-range oxide known as the WROXI standards. Together with Epsilon 4, WROXI can be used for the analysis of major and minor elements in fused beads. Added benefits! Did you know? WROXI-CRM is manufactured under ISO 17034 accreditation which means the traceability is guaranteed. Being synthetic, WROXI standards will be available forever, and that means there is no risk of the requested CRM being sold out or otherwise unavailable. All of this is possible because of our accredited Nottingham laboratory, in the UK. Through our Nottingham lab, you have easy access to expert knowledge, accredited reference standards and tailored custom applications and standards. Why you consider the Epsilon 4 from Malvern Panalytical for your mine site: Easy, non-destructive analysis with X-ray fluorescence Widely embraced among global mining companies Accurate and repeatable analysis in as fast as 5 minutes Malvern Panalytical, a trusted supplier We provide end to end solutions from calibration reference materials to reliable and smart service support Global outreach with strong local support Malvern Panalytical is proud of its strong network of service support. All instruments undergo rigorous checks and comply with the latest radiation safety norms like the Machinery Directive, CSA, IEC standards. Global, regional and local training hubs have been established for all service engineers and application specialists to be ready to support your demanding requirements. In addition, we also established cutting edge technology and software for remote support. This is much appreciated by clients who are in remote mine-sites. Malvern Panalytical is the only X-ray analytical instrumentation company that has its own X-ray tubes factory. That means no unnecessary downtime waiting for the delivery of your tube. Also no unnecessary middle-man expenses. Great performance, versatile usage The Epsilon 4 has been proven in offering accurate, reliable and fast results. While having the benefits of smart technology to eliminate any unnecessary operational costs and downtime. Global mining companies are using the Epsilon 4 either in their laboratory or next to their site. We hope that the below illustration gives more ideas in terms of its versatile applications. For more information, visit www.malvernpanalytical.com/Epsilon4
Philippine Resources - August 26, 2021
Point and shoot for accurate mineralogical results in seconds
Mining and Exploration Today, it is crucial to have an in-depth and well-defined understanding of the geological region when targeting and developing prospective sites. Extensive field work is essential to identify economically significant deposits prior to any extraction operation. This includes comprehensive geologic sampling and analysis, which is costly and time consuming when performed with traditional laboratory-based methods. The Terraspec Halo portable mineral analyzer has made a major impact on mining exploration by providing real time mineralogical information allowing geologists to make more informed decisions; lowering field and drilling costs. When used at an outcrop, at the drilling site, in the core shack, or in the open pit, the TerraSpec Halo mineral analyzer provides the mineralogical information needed to understand the relationship between the potential economic deposit and the local geology and provides the means to use that relationship to better target exploration efforts. As a rapid and reliable analytical technique that requires no sample preparation, it has proven to be an essential tool for field geologists and mine operators. Advantages: Rapid and Accurate Results. Results are presented within seconds and are available for analysis through a range of spectral analysis software. It has 350-2500 nm range which gives full accurate analysis on minerals. Point and Shoot, Ease of Use. Handy and can easily bring to the field. Non-technical operators can have used the unit. Portable. Both the TerraSpec Halo mineral analyzers are portable devices well-suited for both field, drill site and laboratory analysis. Widely Used. TerraSpec instruments are the most widely used spectrometers for alteration zone and gangue mineralogy mapping, whether it is for early-stage target generation or late-stage geometallurgical studies. In production, the TerraSpec Halo mineral analyzer is optimal for a wide range of operations including ore sorting, blending, feed control and tailing monitoring for both heap leach and mineral processing Sample Flexibility. Working with a full line of accessories, TerraSpec analyzers are suitable for measurement of outcrops, hand samples, tailings, drill cores, cuttings and pulps Non-Destructive Analysis. Materials are analyzed in their original state, intact and unprocessed. Applications Exploration Geological/deposit field mapping Indicator mineral identification Mineralogical parameters related to thermal and chemical zonation Drill cuttings analysis Core logging Laboratory Analysis Acid consumption determination Swelling clay assessment Gangue mineral concentrations Blast chip analysis Extractive Metallurgy Ore sorting and blending Block model development Improved site mapping Agglomeration optimization Heap leach optimization Flotation feed control Features Minerals and Scalars which includes mineral library and easy to export to 3rd party software such as Aesiris and TSG Audio Notes which recording of voice notes while in the field Viewing of Spectra which includes viewing of peaks with full range of wavelength numbers to see the difference of minerals analysis Getting your Data which includes synchronization of collected data from Halo to the computer for post processing of results In Summary, The ASD TerraSpec Halo and Terraspec 4 Hi-Res and QS7000 line of mineral analyzers provide portable, rapid and non-destructive analysis of minerals in the lab or the field. Exploration geologists appreciate the ASD TerraSpec mineral analyzer’s portability and ability to rapidly identify key minerals. When used as an ore analyzer, results are presented in seconds to speed ore processing decisions. TerraSpec 4 Hi-Res for High-tech Mineral Exploration The TerraSpec 4 Hi-Res spectrometer is a portable, rugged analyzer for field mineral mapping and analysis that represents a new generation of high-speed, high-performance field portable analyzers. It provides mineralogy of altered rocks and hence assists in classifying ore systems, identifying alteration patterns and vectoring to areas of potential interest. The ability to rapidly identify and determine key alteration minerals, and in many cases, the thermal and chemical environs of their formation, makes the TerraSpec an ideal tool for field mapping in mineral exploration. TerraSpec Halo Terraspec Halo is portable full-range handheld spectrometer that is fast, accurate, and easy to use for the exploration geology market. QualitySpec 7000 for Measurement of Material Moving on a Conveyor The QualitySpec 7000 analyzer embodies state-of-the-art spectroscopic technology capable of accurately measuring material as it is transported on a conveyor belt. This stationary unit is designed to produce real-time, accurate data in a non-contact manner for process control. The QualitySpec 7000 system saves significant cost in material sorting and quantifying gangue mineralogy. In copper production, the system monitors ore entering the agglomerator to predict and potentially reduce acid usage, and measures swelling clay content for proper hydration.
Philippine Resources - March 08, 2022
All-in-one solution for reliable precision elemental analysis
Philippine minerals have a wide range of ores from nickel laterite, copper ore, iron ore, chromite ore, limestone and more. Thus, when daily operations require elemental analysis of a wide range of inorganic/geological samples, it is often cumbersome, or not possible to setup and maintain a large number of dedicated calibrations to handle such range. In these cases, a widely applicable, but accurate solution is highly desirable. In this application note we demonstrate Malvern Panalytical’s unique solution WROXI in combination with Epsilon 4 and Leneo sample preparation, is capable to handle a wide range of sample types. This is the value-added offerings by Malvern Panalytical to enhance precision elemental analysis, by way of in-house affordable traceability guaranteed CRMs. WROXI solution The WROXI BASE application module comprises 15 synthetic multi-elements standards, containing in total 11 different inorganic oxides. Made from traceable compounds WROXI is a primary analytical solution. The standards are delivered as powders to be prepared as fused beads on-site, using the customer’s flux, dilution ratios and methodology. Each set of WROXI standards is supplied with 15 bottles containing 10 g of powdered standards each, packed under nitrogen, in air-tight plastic bottles. Each set is supplied with drift monitors to maintain the application. WROXI offers good calibration especially when doing shipment of ores and exploration thus following tolerance and penalty elements. It eliminates the use of different calibration in every ores and provides good accuracy and repeatability. Table 1. Concentration ranges of the 11 compounds in WROXI standards. Instrumentation A Claisse LeNEO automatic fusion instrument was used to make all the fused glass beads. LeNEO Requiring only an electrical connection and fume exhaust, the LeNEO can prepare glass disks for XRF analysis with high reproducibility. In addition to being easy to use, his fully automatic instrument guarantees safety for the operator as well as superior analytical performance in the laboratory. Its muffle furnace and excellent insulation properties ensure uniform heating conditions providing excellent repeatability and reproducibility. 40 mm fused beads were produced by mixing 0.9 g of sample material and 9 g of flux (66 % lithium tetraborate / 34 % lithium metaborate). WROXI standards used to set up the calibration were prepared in duplicate. Measurements were performed using a Malvern Panalytical Epsilon 4 EDXRF spectrometer, equipped with a 15W, 50 kV silver anode X-ray tube, a high-resolution SDD30 silicon drift detector, 6 beam filters, a helium purge facility, a sample spinner and a 10-position removable sample changer. Epsilon 4 has an option to use in air mode, no vacuum system and no film consumables. To test the accuracy of the method 12 certified reference materials (CRM) of different geological matrices were prepared as fused beads. The results for the 11 compounds in the CRMs are shown in Table 2. For a wide range of sample types, the measured concentrations show excellent agreement with the certified values. Calibration results The calibration was set up using all 15 WROXI standards. The concentration ranges of the 11 compounds in the WROXI standards are shown in Table 1. Table 2. Analytical accuracy: comparison of certified and measured values for eleven major and minor oxides in twelve CRMs of various types dwkm
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Philippine Resources - May 23, 2023
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT SIGNED WITH TVI RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (PHILS.) INC.
Photo credit: TVI Resource Development The Board of RTG Mining Inc. is pleased to announce that a comprehensive settlement of all outstanding issues with the Villar Family controlled Sage Capital and TVI Resource Development (Phils.) Inc. (“TVIRD”) has been reached and a binding Memorandum of Agreement signed. On execution of the final documents, expected in the next month, all litigation that RTG had launched will be withdrawn as part of an agreed restructuring of the Mabilo Project. The Villar Family is one of the most prominent families in the Philippines and RTG is pleased to partner with them in the development of the Mabilo Project, which is a significant mining project for the country. The key terms of the agreement for RTG include the following: RTG (through SRM Gold Limited) will retain a 40% interest in Mt. Labo Exploration and Development Corporation (“Mt. Labo”) with the project also developed by Mt. Labo, in line with Philippine regulatory requirements, with Sage Capital (which is owned by TVIRD) holding the remaining 60%; RTG will have a 2% net smelter royalty (“NSR”); RTG’s debt together with interest, currently in the order of US$27M (subject to audit) will be repaid out of the proceeds of Stage 1 of the project, the Direct Shipping Operation subject to customary requirements to address liquidity and ongoing operations of Mt. Labo; Funding arrangements for the project as between the major shareholders of Mt. Labo have been successfully renegotiated, (relieving RTG of a sole funding obligation) and replaced with a pro-rata funding obligation, together with a disproportionate funding obligation of Sage Capital, as set out below; With debt repayments in full and the NSR, RTG will be entitled to approximately 57% of the proceeds of Stage 1, the Direct Shipping Operation; RTG will be entitled to 40% of the operating cashflow of the project, together with the 2% NSR and repayment of its debt, which is currently in the order of US$27M; The first US$5M of expenditure for Mt. Labo (or 12 months of expenditure, whichever occurs the earlier), will be funded pro-rata between the two shareholders (ie RTG will provide 40%) and thereafter, Sage Capital/TVIRD will sole fund the next US$5M of expenditure, with all additional funding thereafter to be provided on a pro-rata basis; All parties are required to act in the best interests of the project and not compete; A shareholders’ agreement will be finalised which will provide typical minority interest protection clauses including reserve matters for voting including annual budgets and appointments of key personnel; Any disputes will be resolved by the Singapore International Arbitration Centre; and On completion of final signed documents, all litigation matters will be withdrawn and settled in full. With the restructuring of the Mabilo Project now agreed, over the balance of this year, the remaining permitting matters and financing plans will be finalised, a review of the 2016 Feasibility Study will be completed, together with finalising the acquisition of surface rights, following which, a commitment to development will be formalised by the Board of Mt. Labo. RTG is pleased with the outcome of the discussions and the co-operative and constructive approach adopted by the Villar Family representatives. RTG believes they can be a strong and positive partner to work with to take the Mabilo Project forward, with both a near term development and future exploration activities to expand the project, which will start to unlock the value of the project for all stakeholders, not only the local communities but for the country as a whole.
Philippine Resources - May 22, 2023
Mining Operational Excellence Through Digital Transformation
Part 1: Mining Operation Challenges and Mine Operations Management Domains 1 & 2. By Mae Ann Cabasag, EM Mining companies encounter numerous challenges throughout their operations. However, initiatives to mitigate these challenges and improve efficiency are often limited. Most of these limitations emanated from a common factor: the challenge of “poor visibility” in mining operations. A viable solution is to adopt digital transformation in mining operations by incorporating available real-time data into an integrated system— capable of ensuring automatic updates and reliable source of information. Through this, mining companies not only understand simulations and plans developed but also anticipate potential outcomes. Various mining industry analysts have found that using non-digital methods in the mining operations can lead to a 27% reduction in production time and 25% increase in data inaccuracy. For a mining company to remain competitive in an industry susceptible to operation challenges, i.e. production processes, workers’ and equipment performances, ore quality and quantity, compliance to regulations, and inter-departmental collaboration, it needs to embrace digital transformation. Dassault Systèmes Mine Operations Management provides transformative digital solution for mining companies to achieve excellence in their operations. Mine Operations Management (MOM) equips mining companies with an integrated system for their mining operations, enabling them to achieve efficient plan and schedule. This system integrates entire operation data into a single repository source of information, known as the “single source of truth”, ensuring complete transparency of the company’s processes from mine to port. By leveraging MOM, we can address the following global mining industry challenges: Maintaining competitiveness amidst market volatility. Eliminating waste materials, poor communication, and error duplication. Improving site productivity and efficiency. Utilizing assets and sharing best practices across the value chain. Ensuring an utmost level of safety. Reducing environmental impacts and achieving sustainable operations. The transformative digital solution, Mine Operations Management, is composed of eight work packages, split across four domains, namely: Data Management, Material Reconciliation, Operational Control, and Assets Performance. These domains help generate valuable insights from integrated operational data for rapid and informed strategic decision-making. The Data Management consists of Master Data Model and Integration Framework packages essential for material tracking, stockpile management, task and workforce management, machine performance, and asset maintenance. It enables users to manage master data objects such as Site, Material, Location, Equipment, and Operator through manual data entry or third-party source systems. With this, mining companies can ensure efficient and integrated management of critical data required for seamless operations. Material Reconciliation, on the other hand, consists of Material Tracking and Stockpile Management packages. Material Tracking enables us to track material movements across different stages, i.e. from the least accurate grade estimated in geological model to the most precise information on shipped material quantity and quality, to account for any inaccuracies. While in the Stockpile Management, users not only can calculate daily stockpile balance, add Survey or Sampling data, analyze inventory levels and trends, create graphical representation of the stockpile balances and movements, calibrate stockpile using volumetric survey and sampling, enables comparison of different models, track movement genealogy and review stockpile slices for stockpiles with LIFO and FIFO calculation type but can create a different type of analysis such as actual vs plan vs model. In the upcoming article, we will explore the two remaining domains of Mine Operations Management to where assigning operational tasks, tracking compliance to plan, monitoring equipment down to workers’ performance are feasible in the mining operations. To know more about MOM, mining innovations and solutions, contact Dassault Systèmes Value Solutions Partner: Paramina Earth Technologies Inc. through firstname.lastname@example.org References: Make it happen for mine execution excellence: Dassault Systèmes®. MEGATrends. (n.d.). https://events.3ds.com/make-it-happen-for-mine-execution-excellence Dassault Systèmes. (2021, August 12). Digging deeper: The virtual solution for Mining Operational Excellence. Dassault Systèmes. https://discover.3ds.com/virtual-mining-operational excellence dassault3ds. (2022, June 16). The mining industry needs to adapt, but how? Dassault Systèmes blog. https://blog.3ds.com/brands/delmia/the-mining-industry-needs-to-adapt-but-how/
Philippine Resources - May 22, 2023
Customer’s First Choice: Sandvik Philippines Delivers 11th and 12th Pantera DP1500i Drills to Filminera Resources Corporation
Sandvik Philippines has successfully commissioned and delivered to loyal customer Filminera Resources Corporation (“Filminera”) their 11th and 12th Pantera DP1500i Top-hammer Surface Drills last 25 January 2023 at the Masbate Gold Project (MGP) located in Masbate Island, Philippines. Photo shows Sandvik Technician Larry Lugnas (second from left) and Service Operations Manager Jorge Cabello (third from left) handing over the drills to MGP representatives. Located 360 km southeast of Manila, the Masbate Mine is operated by Filminera, the Philippine subsidiary of TSX- and NYSE-listed B2Gold with headquarters in Vancouver. In 2022, the mine produced a record-setting 212,728 oz of gold out of 7.93M tonnes of ore milled at an average grade of 1.11 g/t. B2Gold also operates the Fekola Mine in Mali and the Otjikoto Mine in Namibia. Their projects under development include the Anaconda Area in Mali and the Gramalote JV Project in Colombia. The Masbate Mine started operating in 2008 initially using 4 x Atlas Copco ECM660 Drills owned and operated by the erstwhile mining contractor, Leighton. When the opportunity for re-fleeting came about in 2012, Sandvik succeeded in winning the tender which came packaged with a full maintenance contract for 24,000 service meter hours of five years. Ironically, the said maintenance contract almost led to the cancellation of the order for the first 4 x DP1500i due to a dispute with the rates. Eventually, both Leighton and Sandvik were able to arrive at a mutually acceptable arrangement, and Sandvik ran the service contract for five years without incurring penalties in the availability guarantees. The contract was so profitable, Sandvik even had to share some of the residual profit at the end with Filminera under the pain-and-gain proviso of the contract. The next re-fleeting opportunity came in 2017, with the Masbate Mine. This time, there was no service contract attached to the equipment and Leighton was no longer the mining contractor; the mine has shifted to owner-miner operation. Sandvik managed to secure the repeat order for another batch of 4x DP1500i, banking on the proven performance and reliability of the first four. That brings the total to 8 units. Drill numbers 9 and 10 were ordered in July 2020 and delivered in 2021. Numbers 11 and 12 in the photo above were ordered in January 2022 and are now handed over to the customer. Filminera ordered two more DP1500i’s in November 2022; these machines are now awaiting completion in Tampere, for delivery later this year. That should bring the total to 14 x DP1500i units spread over 11 years for our most loyal Pantera DP1500i customer in the Philippines – Filminera Resources Corporation!
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