MCB Project Mining Permit Granted by Philippine Government

By: Philippine Resources March 18, 2024

Ceremonial signing of the MCB MPSA at the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) Office (from L-R: CLA Managing Director Peter Hume, MGB Chief of Mining Tenements Management Division Engr. Danilo Deleña, CLA Executive Chairman Atty Julito Sarmiento, and CLA Sustainability Director Attilenore Manero)

Celsius Resources Limited (“CLA”, “Celsius” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce that its Philippine subsidiary, Makilala Mining Company, Inc. (“MMCI or the “Contractor”), has obtained a Mineral Production Sharing Agreement (“MPSA” or the “Agreement”) with the Philippine Government for its flagship Maalinao-Caigutan-Biyog Mining Project (“MCB” or the “Project”).

The issuance of the MPSA, which is the first copper project to be approved in the Philippines in the last fifteen years, grants MMCI the exclusive right to undertake rational exploration, development, and commercial production of copper and associated minerals within the Contract Area covering approximately 2,500 hectares for a period of 25 years and is renewable for another 25 years.

Celsius Executive Chairman Atty. Julito R. Sarmiento, said:

“The issuance of the mining permit has been much awaited by Celsius and the Balatoc Community. Now is our chance to deliver on our firm commitment to work with the Government and the local communities to develop the MCB Project in a sustainable manner that creates value not only for our shareholders but also for our communities. 

We are grateful to the Philippine Government under the bold leadership of His Excellency President Ferdinand R. Marcos, Jr. and to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources under the visionary stewardship of Secretary Maria Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga for supporting the MCB Project. We are seriously taking the Government’s call for the Project to go beyond compliance by striking a balance between keeping the business viable, protecting and rehabilitating the environment, uplifting local communities, and supporting the Government’s socio-economic agenda.  With strong Government support, we are confident that we can make this happen.”

Celsius Managing Director Peter Hume, said:

“The grant of the MCB mining permit marks the progression of Celsius from being known as an exploration company to a mineral resource developer, and eventually a mine operator. Credit goes out to our hard working in-country team who strived to get the Project up to this stage in such a short timeframe amidst all the challenges.

Over the last eighteen months, the Company has been interfacing with potential investors who have shown resounding interest in the MCB Project but have been also waiting for the issuance of the mining permit. With this now in hand, the Company will proceed with finalising funding options for the Project.

The in-country team has commenced planning for the next exciting phase in the development of the Project. We wish to thank shareholders for their patience, trust, and continued support.”

Mineral Production Sharing Agreement

The Republic Act No. 7942, otherwise known as "The Philippine Mining Act of 1995," (the “Mining Act”) which took effect on 09 April 1995, provides that the Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is authorised to enter into Mineral Production Sharing Agreements in furtherance of the objectives of the Government and the Philippine Constitution to bolster the national economy through sustainable and systematic development and utilisation of mineral lands.

Specifically, the Government has granted MMCI a permit via an MPSA to undertake mining operations of the MCB Project under the key following provisions:


Pursuant to the provisions of the Mining Act and its implementing rules and regulations, the primary purpose of the Agreement is to provide for the sustainable development and commercial utilisation of associated mineral deposits existing within the Contract Area, with all necessary services, technology, and financing to be furnished or arranged by the Contractor in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement.

The Contractor shall undertake and execute, for and on behalf of the Government, responsible mining operations in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement.

During the term of the Agreement, the total value of production and sale of minerals derived from the mining operations shall be accounted for and divided between the Government and the Contractor in accordance with fiscal regime provisions summarised below.

Term of Agreement

The Agreement shall have an initial term of six (6) months from the date of grant. During this initial term, MMCI is required to submit the following:

  • Additional proof of financial capability to undertake the implementation of the pertinent Work Programs, and
  • Certification Precondition issued by the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples.

Subject to compliance with the above requirements, the Agreement shall have a term of twenty-five (25) years from the date of grant and may be renewed thereafter for another term not exceeding twenty-five (25) years. 

Celsius and MMCI are progressing with the satisfaction of the above conditions by re-engaging with potential investors both in the Philippines and internationally who have shown strong interest in supporting and funding the development of the Project but have been waiting for the mining permit to be issued.

MMCI is proceeding through the process of obtaining the Certificate of Pre-condition as part of the Free, Prior and Informed Consent (“FPIC”) Process which is governed by the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (“NCIP”). As announced to ASX on 15 November 2022, MMCI signed an agreement with the Balatoc Tribe community setting out the terms and conditions for the use of their land for the purpose of mining. Now that the mining permit has been issued, MMCI can request the Certificate of Pre-condition to be issued by the NCIP.

Fiscal Regime

General Principle –  The fiscal regime is governed by the general principle according to which the Government expects a reasonable return in economic value for the utilisation of non-renewable mineral resources under its national sovereignty while the Contractor expects a reasonable return on its investment with special account to be taken for the high risk of exploration, the terms and conditions prevailing elsewhere in the industry and any special efficiency to be gained by a particularly good performance of the Contractor.

Occupation Fees – Prior to registration of the Agreement and at the same date every year thereafter, the Contractor must pay to the Municipal/City Treasurer concerned an occupation fee over the Contract Area at the annual rate provided in the existing rules and regulations. As at the date of this announcement, the annual occupation fee which would apply to the Contract Area would be approximately A$5,000 per year.

Share of the Government – The Government share of production shall be the excise tax on mineral products at the time of removal and at the rate provided for in Republic Act No. 7729 amending Section 151 (a) of the National Internal Revenue Code, as amended, in addition to a royalty of not less than four  percent (4%) of the gross output, as well as other taxes, duties and fees levied by existing laws. 

Rights and Obligations of the Parties

Main Obligations of the Contractor:

  • Exclusively conduct sustainable mining operations within the Contract Area in accordance with the provisions of the Mining Act and its implementing rules and regulations;
  • Construct and operate any facilities specified under the Mineral Agreement or approved work program;
  • Determine the exploration, mining and treatment process to be utilised in the mining operations;
  • Extract, remove, use and dispose of any tailings as authorised by an approved work program;
  • Secure all permits necessary or desirable for the purpose of mining operations;

Environmental Protection and Mine Safety and Health

  • Mining operations shall be done in a technically, financially, socially, culturally and environmentally responsible manner to achieve the sustainable development objectives and responsibilities as provided for under the implementing rules and regulations of the Mining Act.
  • Comply with the approved Environmental Protection and Enhancement Program (EPEP) allocating an annual amount equivalent to three to five percent (3%-5%) of the MCB Project’s direct mining and milling costs depending on the environmental/geologic condition, nature and scale of operations and technology employed in the Contract Area.
  • Establish a Contingent Liability and Rehabilitation Fund (CLRF) which shall be in the form of the Mine Rehabilitation Fund (MRF) and the Mine Waste and Tailings Fee (MWTF), although for MCB, the mine Waste and Tailings fee will not be applicable due to the implementation of paste backfill. The MRF shall be based on the financial requirements of the approved EPEP as a reasonable environmental deposit to ensure satisfactory compliance with the commitments/strategies of the annual EPEP and availability of funds for the performance of the same during the specific project phase.

Community Development

  • Allocate an annual royalty payment of not less than one percent (1%) of the value of the gross output of minerals sold;
  • Allocate annually a minimum of one point five percent (1.5%) of the operating costs necessary for the development of the host and neighboring communities;
  • Preferential hiring of qualified local Filipino citizens during mining operations including the conduct of training and recruitment programs aimed to develop local skills and expertise at the Contractor’s expense.

Rights of the Contractor:

  • Conduct mining operations within the confines of its Contract/Mining Area, as defined in the MPSA;
  • Possession of the Contract Area, with full right of ingress and egress and the right to occupy the same, subject to surface and easement rights;
  • Use and access to all declassified geological, geophysical, drilling, production and other data relevant to the mining operations;
  • Sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of all its rights, interests and obligations under the Agreement subject to the approval of the Government;
  • Employ or bring into the Philippines foreign technical and specialised personnel, including the immediate members of their families as may be required in the operations of the Contractor, subject to applicable laws and regulations;
  • Easement rights and use of timber, water and other natural resources in the Contract Area subject to pertinent laws, rules and regulations and the rights of third parties;
  • Repatriation of capital and remittance of profits, dividends and interest on loans, subject to existing laws and Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas rules and regulations; and
  • Importation, when necessary, of all equipment, spare parts and raw materials required in the operations in accordance with existing laws and regulations.

Obligations of the Government:

  • Ensure that the Contractor has the Government's full cooperation in the exercise of the rights granted to it under the Agreement;
  • Use its best efforts to ensure the timely issuance of necessary permits and similar authorising documents for use of the surface of the Contract Area; and
  • Cooperate with the Contractor in its efforts to obtain financing from banks or other financial institutions; provided that such financing arrangements will in no event reduce the Contractor's obligations in relation to the Government’s rights under the Agreement.

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