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The 7th PH-EITI report, industry outlook transparency for oil, gas and mineral resources (Part 1)
by Marcelle P. Villegas - September 01, 2021
The PH-EITI National Conference 2021 was held last July 29 with the theme "Resiliency in Transparency".
PH-EITI or Philippine Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, is a government-led, multi-stakeholder initiative that implements EITI. The initiative started on 26 November 2013 under Executive Order No. 147, series of 2013. It is a government commitment first announced through EO No. 79, s. of 2012. The initiative aims to promote the open, accountable management and good governance of oil, gas and mineral resources industries. The three-hour webinar/conference featured various keynote speakers.
“This is the second year that we are holding this meeting online due to the pandemic. This underscores the exceptional circumstance under which we have to operate into the foreseeable future. Nevertheless, I congratulate the EITI for its efforts to organize this national conference and produce an annual report despite all the challenges.” This was part of the Opening Remarks given by Hon. Carlos G. Dominguez, Secretary of Department of Finance.
He defended the importance of the extractive industries like mining despite the common belief of some groups that these are bad for the environment. “By their nature, the extractive industries involve multi-faceted and complex issues. It is easy to merely brand extractive practices as harmful to the environment. Regulations must ensure the balance between economic and environmental concerns to realize the best outcomes for our people.”
Sec. Dominguez explained that EITI helps in achieving that balance by providing fair and accurate data about the extractive industries by describing it as a credible source of information to aid policymakers on the proper fiscal regime for mining.
“…EITI enables the productive exchange of information and positive dialogue among stakeholders. This clears the air of misinformation… The most important value we need to uphold at all times is transparency. Without this, there will be constant suspicion and all sorts of unfounded claims… Increased accountability will improve governance of the sector and management of natural resources.”
Sec. Dominguez mentioned that data transparency not only builds public trust but also brings institutional and sectoral resilience. Such resilience leads to better coordination, appropriate interventions and greater agility in times of crises.
Other speakers in the forum include Hon. Jose "Joey" Salceda who gave a Keynote Speech. He is the Representative of Second District of Albay and Chair of the House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means.
“Key findings of the Seventh PH-EITI Report” was discussed by Hon. Bayani H. Agabin, who is the Undersecretary of Department of Finance and Chair of Philippine EITI.
“Industry Outlook” was reported by Hon. Ma. Teresa S. Habitan. She is the Assistant Secretary of Department of Finance and the Alternate Chair of Philippine EITI.
The Executive Director of Chamber of Mines of the Philippines, Atty Ronald Recidoro, reported “The Social Development and Management Program”.
“The National Wealth Shares Portal” was the topic of Mr Rainier H. Diaz, Chief Budget and Management Specialist of the Department of Budget.
“Mainstream Action Plan” was reported by Mr Vincent T. Lazatin, National Coordinator, Bantay Kita - Publish What You Pay Philippines.
“The PH-EITI work plan and progress of EITI implementation” was discussed by Eastwood D. Manlises, National Coordinator, Philippine EITI.
Finally, the closing remarks was delivered by Hon. Dakila Carlo Cua, Governor, Provincial Government of Quirino, and President, Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines.
The event was hosted by Triciah Terada.
Executive Summary and Overview of the 7th PH-EITI Report
The Seventh PH-EITI Report covers data from fiscal year 2019 and the early part of 2020. The goals of the report are the following:
1. Show direct and indirect contribution of extractives to the economy (through EITI process);
2. Improve public understanding of the management of natural resources and availability of data;
3. Strengthen national resource management / strengthen government systems;
4. Create opportunities for dialogue and constructive engagement in natural resource management in order to build trust and reduce conflict among stakeholders; and
5. Pursue and strengthen the extractive sector’s contribution to sustainable development.
As an outlook, the Philippines started to implement the EITI for eight years from its membership. Of note, the Philippines was the first to successfully obtain a Satisfactory Progress assessment in 2017. Since 2013, the PH-EITI has been publishing reports yearly. 
From their outlook report, they mentioned that 2019 is a notable for the Mining and Quarrying (MAQ) Industry for two reasons.
1. The industry’s share in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) decreased by PHP1.7 billion to 0.83% due largely to several mines closing. This was despite the fact that the Philippines’ GDP increased by PHP1.3 trillion.
Analysis: As presented in Chart 1 in line with the rest of the data from the Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA), the average annual growth rate (AAGR) of the country’s GDP from 2013 was 8.4%, and it was consistently increasing every year with 2018 being the highest at 10%. Even so, year-on-year (YOY) growth in MAQ was fluctuating; falling in 2015 to -17%, and eventually peaking in 2017 at 18%. Much of the reason for this fluctuation is the stifling regulation of the extractive industry. As a matter of fact, the substantial drop after 2014 was attributable to “The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 which stipulates that the state owns all mineral resources on public and private lands within the territory and exclusive economic zones of the country. In effect, the act regulated the Philippines’ mineral resource development eventually deliberalizing it. 
2. The second reason is due to the sudden surge of COVID-19 which affected the industry. This was first identified in Wuhan, China in the latter part of 2019. At first, the new disease was not previously seen as a global threat. It was only the following year when the global health emergency began. In the Philippines, the disease led to the implementation of official lockdown in most parts of the country on 17 March 2020.
More on the Extractive Industry
The first chapter of the Seventh Report detailed the top contributors of the extractive industry by region. Its total value addition in 2019 was PHP162 billion. As per Chart 2 with raw values from Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the mining sector had the highest gross share, making up almost two-thirds of it. This was followed by oil and gas at 24%, and coal at 14%.
Mining and Quarrying (MAQ) companies contributed much in the nation’s employment rate. They have around 210,961 workers in July 2019.
The report also pointed out that mineral products and non-metallic mineral manufactures comprised 6.6% of total exported commodities which were valued at USD4.9 million. “As far as government revenues from these sectors were concerned, it is worth reiterating that it contributed more than a quarter billion PHP in the form of national and local taxes, fees, and royalties.”
According to Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB), there were 50 metallic mines in operation; 10 of which extracted gold, 3 copper, 31 nickel, 3 chromite, and 3 iron. And as per PSA, metallic mining had the biggest contribution to Gross Value Added (GVA) of the MAQ industry at 35%. It also had the greatest gross share in the production value of mining at a little less than 67%.
The Philippines, therefore, has more metals in its production of these commodities.
As for Non-metallic mining, there were more in operation in the same period at 53, 28 are limestone/shale quarries, 3 marble/marblelized limestone, 2 silica, 13 aggregate, 1 dolomite, 3 clay, 1 sand and gravel, 1 volcanic tuff, and 1 greywacke/pozzolan. “With respect to its share in MAQ’s GVA, it stood at a little more than 31%. As a proportion of the mining sector’s volume of gross production, non-metallic mining’s was 33% which, in absolute terms, was almost half of that of metallic mines.”
For oil and gas, covering the fiscal year 2019, Department of Energy (DOE) reported the oil production in the Philippines was all sourced from Galoc, Nido, Matinloc, and Alegria. The report stated that Galoc was the most prolific among the others, comprising 96% of the total extracted at 744,449 barrels. Nido was second at 20,634; then Alegria at 9,468; and Matinloc at 1,542.
According to the report, “…the output from the Malampaya field was not as significant in comparison with these oil fields. Conforming to PH-EITI37, the petroleum service contract operators that voluntarily report to the organization are The Philodrill Corporation, Galoc Production Company WLL, the state-owned PNOC Exploration Corporation (PNOC-EC) of the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC), Shell Philippines Exploration B.V. (SPEX), and China International Mining Petroleum Company Ltd.”
(to be continued)
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Philippine Resources - October 18, 2021
Next Malampaya can be found in Mindanao: PNOC EC exec
As the Malampaya natural gas field is drying up, Mindanao might have the indigenous energy resources to energize the country. In a webinar of Davao International Conference 2021 Thursday, PNOC Exploration Corp. (PNOC EC) vice president for upstream operation Jaime Bacud said Mindanao is rich in indigenous resources that can support the country’s energy requirement. Bacud said Mindanao alone has three sedimentary basins waiting for exploration for oil and gas resources. These basins include Agusan, Cotabato, and the Sulu Sea. “We still think that there is natural gas potential for these areas, and it could be where we could find the next Malampaya,” Bacud added. The Malampaya gas field, which supplies around 30 percent of Luzon’s power requirement, is the country’s lone natural gas source. As the government issued a moratorium on new coal projects, Bacud said oil and gas exploration, particularly in Mindanao, could help in the government’s goal to achieve energy independence. “We still have a lot of natural or oil and gas resources that are still untapped. And this could be our way forward to get closer to what we call energy independence,” he added. By Kris Crismundo Article courtesy of Philippine News Agency
Philippine Resources - December 01, 2021
Gas drilling in Recto Bank should push through: Pimentel
Photo credit: Inkl The chair of the House Strategic Intelligence Committee on Tuesday said oil drilling activities in Recto Bank must proceed as scheduled amid rising tensions with China. Surigao del Sur Rep. Johnny Pimentel said the Sampaguita gas field could yield up to USD18.2 billion, or around PHP910 billion, in future royalties for the government, based on a 60 percent net share. “We have no choice but to carry on with the drilling activities because the Sampaguita gas discovery in Recto Bank has the potential to energize the entire national grid – not just Luzon – for the next 20 to 30 years,” Pimentel said. Pimentel said Sampaguita is “an untapped value-changing asset” that would be valuable to the country’s future energy security with up to 4.6 trillion cubic feet of gas, while Malampaya, which has been producing gas for the last 20 years, has only 1.6 trillion cubic feet of residual gas at best. “There is even one study suggesting that the entire Recto Bank has up to 20 trillion cubic feet of potential gas in place,” Pimentel said. The Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague ruled in July 2016 that Recto Bank is within the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone, as defined under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea. By virtue of the ruling, Pimentel said the Philippines enjoys absolute rights to exploit all resources in the seamount. Article courtesy of the Philippine News Agency
Philippine Resources - February 08, 2022
Let biz sector handle Malampaya deal, PRRD tells senators
Photo credit: Shell President Rodrigo Duterte on Friday slammed the Senate resolution recommending charges against Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Alfonso Cusi and other officials over the approval of what lawmakers alleged was an anomalous sale of shares in the Malampaya gas field. In a statement, Duterte expressed "grave concern" over the Senate's adoption of the resolution, as it casts "undue, undeserved, and unwarranted aspersion" on key DOE officials. "The government values the critical role and contribution of the Malampaya Gas Field to energy security. I will not allow this valuable resource to be jeopardized and embroiled in the political antics of some members of the Senate," he said. Duterte affirmed that Cusi still has his full trust and confidence, and shall remain as the head of the energy department. He maintained that the national interest has been protected and the government's rights remain intact amid the developments involving the share sale and purchase agreement. "I am calling on our legislators to ensure that our ability to compete is not jeopardized by political intrigues and innuendoes. Leave business transactions in the capable hands of the business sector. Let us respect their business decisions while we protect our national interests," Duterte said. The resolution, penned by Senator Sherwin Gatchalian, recommends the filing of criminal and administrative charges before the Office of the Ombudsman and the Civil Service Commission against Cusi and other DOE officials for approving and recommending approval of the Chevron Philippines-UC Malampaya transaction. Gatchalian said the officials violated laws for allegedly railroading the approval to the sale of the 45-percent participating interest in the Malampaya gas project of Chevron Malampaya LLC Philippines, now known as UC 38 LLC, to UC Malampaya, an indirect subsidiary of Udenna Corporation, despite the lack of financial qualification. Duterte, however, said that the sale and purchase of the stock of Chevron Malampaya LLC was a private transaction between private entities that must be respected. He also reiterated that both foreign and local investments are "vital" to the economy. "We compete for them with other countries, and our ability to do so requires me to create and maintain an environment conducive to the entry of investors," he said. Duterte said that while he recognizes the Senate's power to conduct congressional probes in aid of legislation, this should be exercised "with prudence and circumspection, devoid of reckless accusations, and focused on improving existing laws". By Filane Mikee Cervantes Article courtesy of the Philippine News Agency
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Philippine Resources - September 27, 2022
PH-EITI holds first meeting under Marcos admin, approves plan to improve multi-stakeholder engagement in the extractives
Photo credit: PH-EITI The Philippine Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (PH-EITI) convened its first Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG) meeting under the Marcos administration on Friday (September 16), two weeks after the country reaffirmed its commitment to implement the EITI. EITI is the global standard for transparency and accountability in the oil, gas, and mining sectors. The MSG – the body that governs EITI implementation in the country – is chaired by the Department of Finance (DOF) and composed of representatives from government, industry, and civil society. The government began implementing the EITI in 2013 pursuant to Section 14 of Executive Order No. 79, s. 2012 and Executive Order No. 147, s. 2013 that created the PH-EITI. “This meeting demonstrates the government’s continuing commitment to improve transparency and accountability in the extractive industries,” said Finance Undersecretary and PH-EITI Focal Person and Chair Cielo Magno. To improve resource governance, the MSG agreed to strengthen spaces for multi-stakeholder participation and advocate for more spaces along the extractive industry value chain. The group also agreed to include an MSG report on the status of civic engagement in the annual country report. The MSG also discussed remaining initiatives for 2022, including the production of the FY 2021 PH-EITI Country Report, the 2022 National Conference, and a planned visit of EITI Chair and former New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark to the Philippines in November 2022. The PH-EITI publishes independently reconciled data on oil, gas, coal, and mineral resources through an annual and comprehensive country report. To date, the PH-EITI has produced seven country reports, reconciling over P362.5 billion in government revenues from extractive projects from 2012 to 2019. Aside from disclosing extractives data to inform research and policy recommendations, the PH-EITI also provides space for multi-stakeholder participation in resource governance. Article courtesy of the Department of Finance
Philippine Resources - September 27, 2022
Marcos admin commits to transparency and good governance in the extractive industries
Photo credit: EITI / CC BY-SA The Marcos administration demonstrated its commitment to pursue transparency in natural resource governance by rejoining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and enabling the continued development of the mining sector. In a letter to EITI Chair and former New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark, Finance Secretary Benjamin Diokno cited the value of good governance and anti-corruption measures in maximizing the extractive sector’s contribution to resource mobilization and sustainable economic growth. EITI will complement the administration’s agenda on transparency and accountability. “We welcome the opportunity to re-engage in EITI. We also commend the progress of the EITI Board in reviewing the validation standard and making it more relevant to implementing countries. We believe that EITI is an important tool for resource-rich countries like the Philippines to improve transparency and increase accountability in the management and governance of the extractive industries,” said Secretary Diokno. Secretary Diokno said that other government agencies, as well as industry and civil society stakeholders who have been actively implementing EITI in the country, are supportive of the move to rejoin the global initiative. On June 20, 2022, the Philippines through the Department of Finance (DOF) withdrew its participation in the EITI over concerns on metrics and procedures used for assessing country compliance with the international organization’s transparency requirements. In an August 23, 2022 letter, EITI Chair Helen Clark invited Secretary Diokno to re-state the country’s commitment to the EITI on behalf of the Marcos administration and build on the progress that the Philippines has achieved in the past nine years. The PH-EITI multi-stakeholder group is chaired by the DOF and is composed of representatives from government, industry, and civil society. The government began implementing the EITI in 2013 pursuant to Section 14 of Executive Order No. 79, s. 2012 and Executive Order No. 147, s. 2013 that created the Philippine EITI (PH-EITI). Annual disclosure of contracts, financial, economic, social and environmental data is mandatory for extractive industries pursuant to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Department Administrative Order (DAO) No. 2017-07. To date, the PH-EITI has produced seven country reports, covering data from mining, oil, gas, and coal industries and reconciling over P362.5 billion in government revenues from extractive projects from 2012 to 2019. In 2017, the Philippines was recognized by the EITI as the first among 50 plus countries in the world to have fully complied with the 2016 EITI Standard. The EITI updates its standard every three years and subjects member countries to validation to ascertain their compliance. Secretary Diokno said that the Marcos administration is committed to engage and unite various stakeholders in pursuing good governance and policy reforms in the country. “Rest assured that we remain committed to pursuing good governance in the extractive sector,” said Secretary Diokno. Article courtesy of the Department of Finance
Philippine Resources - September 26, 2022
Metro Manila Subway project nominated for int’l digital awards
Artist rendering of the Metro Manila Subway (Photo courtesy of DOTr) The Metro Manila Subway Project (MMSP) has been named as one of the finalists at the 2022 Going Digital Awards in Infrastructure for the best use of infrastructure software to save both time and money. The Department of Transportation (DOTr) said the general consultant for the MMSP Phase 1, the Japanese consortium Oriental Consultants Global (OC Global), developed a common digital engineering system and a “single source of truth” using ProjectWise and ComplyPro -- both programs by Bentley Software Inc. The MMSP, the DOTr said, presented communication and coordination challenges that other software programs failed to address. “The project team at OC Global realized that the implementation of collaborative BIM workflows, proactive risk management, and cost monitoring would require a connected data environment to be established,” it said. The system developed by OC Global for the MMSP enabled real-time data sharing that optimized collaboration -- saving an estimated 5,000 resource hours within the project’s first six months. “Combined with SYNCHRO for construction simulation, Bentley’s integrated technology solution identified and resolved 50 clashes, eliminating rework, shortening the project schedule, and saving costs. The successful BIM (Building Information Modeling) implementation has already achieved a return of investment of over USD600,000,” it said. The Going Digital Awards in Infrastructure is an annual event meant to honor Bentley software users for advancing infrastructure design, construction, and operations worldwide. The event’s finalists are deemed to demonstrate “excellence and digital advancements” in their respective award categories. The award winners will be announced during the program’s main event in London on Nov. 15. By Raymond Carl Dela Cruz Article courtesy of the Philippine News Agency
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