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SciAps Handheld Analyzers Technology and Experience at its Best!
by Philippine Resources - November 06, 2019
SciAps field portable LIBS and XRF analyzers provide instant analysis of major and trace elements. Get the entire picture for research, exploration, grade control, block modeling, process optimization, environmental clean-up and the applications for these powerful field portable analyzers continue.
Handheld LIBS: It’s All About the Technology
The acceptance of handheld LIBS for in-field geochemistry is accelerating. LIBS or Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy is an analytical technique where, using a laser, a plasma is created on the sample. As the plasma cools down, characteristic photons are emitted and measured to determine elemental presence and concentration at the sampled location.
The SciAps Z features the most advanced LIBS technology of any handheld. The Z utilizes the most powerful laser, operating at 5-6 mJ/pulse, up to 50 Hz rep rate, Class 3B 1064nm wavelength. The spectrometer range of 190 nm out to 950 nm delivers full periodic table coverage.
The patented OPTi-purgeTM integrated argon gas purge (optional) yields better limits of detection for many elements compared to air-based analysis. Internal 3D stage raster the laser allowing for surgical analysis of inclusions or veins if desired, all easily viewed through the integrated camera and laser targeting.
Traditional Bulk Sample Analysis – SciAps Z handheld LIBS offers quantitative testing on a more comprehensive element suite than fpXRF with the GeoChem App. Analyze samples using factory calibrations or build your own user defined calibrations using SciAps proprietary Profile Builder TM PC software. SciAps GeoChem App allows easy collection of metadata, conversion of element to oxide, user selectable units of measurement between ppm and %.
The Z analyzes elements that the FPXRF can’t, such as Li, Be, B, C, F, and Na. The Z offers greatly improved analysis of several major elements compared to FPXRF such as Mg, Al, Si, K and Ca. Using the GeoChem Pro App, the ground-breaking in-field microanalysis for geological materials. Map elemental distribution within minerals, veins and inclusions.
Create and export element maps, spectral data at individual locations and import data into third party geochemical analysis software (ioGAS) for advanced analysis of data.
Field Portable XRF It’s All About the Experience
FPXRF is the established technology for in-field elemental analysis. So it’s expected that the SciAps team, with more than 30 years experience designing and supporting FPXRF for the exploration community, would introduce an advanced FPXRF with all the performance and the features the industry demands. The X is factory calibrated with 37 standard elements including all measurable pathfinders except REE’s. The X is available with one of two X-ray tube anodes, either Au or Rh, depending on the application. The most common choice is the Au anode because performance is optimal for the vast majority of pathfinder elements including critical gold pathfinders for ore bodies high/ low sulphication epithermals, Orogenic, Carlintype, Porphyry Cu-Au, iron oxide Cu-Au and others. The Rh anode provides broad coverage of transition and heavy metals and highly optimized performance for low atomic number elements Mg, Al, Si, P and S.
Identification of Gold and Its Mineralogical Association Using SciAps Z-300 LIBS
While handheld and field portable X-ray fluorescence (fpXRF) analyzers can be used effectively to measure many pathfinder and major elements in the field, the limitations of fpXRF with regard to the analysis of gold are well documented. Using pXRF detection limits of 1-2 ppm may now be possible, but common interferences from many associated elements such as As, W and Zn generally mean actual detection limits are much higher. The often highly inhomogeneous distribution of gold within geological samples also presents challenges in obtaining an average composite value using a handheld analyzer that measures a small area and is essentially a surface measurement.
It is now possible to map elemental distribution in geological samples in the field using the SciAps Z-300 handheld LIBS analyzer. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, or LIBS, is a form of Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (AES) that can produce a comprehensive spectral dataset allowing all elements to be represented between 200-900 nm. LIBS offers complementary and unique capabilities to enhance conventional field geochemical investigations and presents exciting new opportunities related to mineral chemistry and element mapping. The use of microanalytical techniques to better understand mineralization has become more widespread as laboratory equipment capable of the discrete geochemical analysis of geological samples has evolved.
Using the Z-300 with GeoChem Pro App, element maps can be generated with ease in less than 1 minute. This powerful and spatially precise analytical technique is ideally suited to the analysis of specific minerals and areas of interest on drill core, rock chips or hand specimens.
SciAps handheld LIBS analyzers can be used to understand the distribution of elements with a high degree of spatial precision using a 50um laser and in-built X-Y stage for rastering. Element maps can be generated showing the distribution of different elements, and individual points within a sample can be understood in context. Using SciAps Profile Builder PC software, individual spectra can now be selected from within the element maps to process using matrix-specific calibrations for quantification, or exported for analysis using multivariate statistical methods for mineral identification and classification.
In the case of gold exploration and mining, not only is the positive identification of the presence or absence of gold now achievable, but information about where the gold is located, its associated geochemical signal, and the minerals with which its distribution is associated can be understood by a geologist in the field.
Dr. Christopher Lawley from Geological Survey of Canada along with Jordan Watts, Joel Gagnon, and Steven Rehse from the University of Windsor, Ontario, went into the field with our Z-300 and generated some exciting data that demonstrates an excellent correlation between visible gold and element maps of gold generated using the Z-300.
Whether looking to understand the distribution of gold, its pathfinder elements, or even mineralogy, the Z-300 generates data that can be used effectively in the field to identify mineralization. At SciAps, we are dedicated to advancing the capabilities and application of LIBS, and proud and excited to be involved in research with this end in mind.
Philippine Resources - December 14, 2020
Gold BCR (GBCR): Blockchain Technologies with Junior Mining Companies
Gold BCR (GBCR): Building an empire of enduring wealth based on innovative blockchain technologies with junior mining companies. In this new era, modern science and innovation technologies are changing rapidly every day. Innovative new disruptive technologies ideas in mining are now meeting together with blockchain. These new disruptive technologies such as blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence, new online retail, big data, social media, sharing economy, financial technology, convenience applications have all begun to come in succession, bringing a trend of dynastic change. Driven by innovation these new economic development models have shaped the way we are living life today which has been dominated by the internet industry. Every time a disruptive technology emerges, there will be markets that will shake as the change occurs and new economic models will supersede old economic models. As the saying goes "the fittest shall survive". No matter big, small and medium-sized enterprises, they must stay innovative and face the harsh test of economic changes and adapt, and only then "survive and thrive."The great inventor, Thomas Edison once said: “science needs imagination, and innovation is the key to invention.” Planes and high-speed trains have realized the exaggerated imagination of our ancestors that “a thousand miles will be travelled to and fro in one day". The invention of video communication that seems like travel through time and space, so that people can be” as close as neighbours” even if they are thousands of miles apart. In this modern era, if we can combine centuries-old traditional industries with science and technology, and add innovative ideas, everything may become a reality.Gold BCR - (GBCR) is the world's first blockchain mining project to be backed by real gold from mining companies in Australia and is looking for other miners who may be interested in collaborating in PNG and the Philippines. For More Information, go online to www.goldbcr.io
Philippine Resources - February 28, 2019
Hinatuan Mining Corporation (NAC-HMC) turns over Soft-shell Crab Project
Nickel Asia Corporation - Hinatuan Mining Corporation (NAC-HMC), represented by ComRel Manager Antonio B. Resuera Jr., has turned over soft-shell crab project to three (3) indigent families of its host community last November 27, 2018. The project location is at Looc, Sitio Bagong Silang, Barangay Talavera, Tagana-an, Surigao del Norte. Beneficiaries of the said project are Rosita G. Sandico, Cristine C. Baguinaon and Arnulfo C. Copag Sr. They were selected as beneficiaries of the project based on the Local Socio-Economic Profile conducted earlier as part of the commitment of NAC-HMC to contribute to a brighter future for its people and its communities. The beneficiaries are also not part of any People’s Organization (POs) in the host community. Rosita G. Sandico and Cristine C. Baguinaon reside in Looc, Sitio Bagong Silang while Arnulfo C. Copag Sr. lives at Brgy. Talavera.“Nagpasalamat kami sa amoa nadawat na proyekto gikan sa livelihood program sa NAC-HMC. Daku namo na kalipay ug kinasing-kasing namo nga pagadawaton kining proyekto nga soft-shell crab project”, (we are thankful for receiving this project from the livelihood program of NAC-HMC. We are very happy and are wholeheartedly accepting the soft-shell crab project awarded to us) said Rosita G. Sandico.She further added that, “daku kini na katabang alang kanamo, ilabi na sa among panginabuhian, ilabi na sa akoa na senior citizen na man. Nalipay kaau ko kay isa ako sa nakadawat ani na proyekto. Amo gajud kani ampingan ug palambuan aron aduna kami mapanginuhaan alang sa among panginabuhi. Sa maka usab, daghan salamat sa inyo tabang kanamo NAC-HMC” (This is a big help to us, especially on our livelihood, especially to me who is already a senior citizen. I am very happy to be selected as one of the project recipients. In return, we will try our best to take care and develop the project in order for it to be sustainable and become a steady source of income for our livelihood. Once again, I am very thankful for the help you have given us NAC-HMC).Representative of Host and Neighboring Communities (RHNC) Chairwoman and Brgy. Talavera Councilor Eulita C. Borja who was also present during the turn-over ceremony reminded the project recipients to not take for granted the project provided by NAC-HMC, saying that, “to the project recipients, please take care of the project provided by NAC-HMC as it will be helpful to your livelihood.”She was also thankful to NAC-HMC for the support it provided the residents of the host community particularly in livelihood, “Thank you for the help and for the care you have shown to the residents by helping them with livelihood projects such as this, thank you NAC-HMC for the support.”Additional supplies for the care and maintenance of the soft-shell crab project were also provided by NAC-HMC to project beneficiaries to help ensure the success and sustainability of the project. As part of the commitment of NAC-HMC to assist its host community, technical experts from the City Agriculturists Office (CAGRO) of Tagum City were also tapped for the project’s implementation. They were also the ones who helped in establishing the soft-shell and crab fattening pilot projects in the mine site of NAC-HMC.
Philippine Resources - September 06, 2019
GHD opens new office in the Philippines
Gracing the opening of GHD’s third office in the Philippines are Darren Shrives, General Manager – Philippines, Steven Robinson, AO, Australian Ambassador to the Philippines, and Ian Fraser, General Manager – Asia Pacific.“As we head towards 75 years of formal diplomatic ties, we continue to strengthen the deep and broad connections between Australia and the Philippines,” Steven said. The new office is located in Quezon City, a rapidly growing business hub located north of the Philippine capital, Metro Manila.Darren shares, “Quezon City is home to many of our key clients in the Philippines, so our proximity to them helps us collaborate better. Aside from this, our new office forges our commitment to provide a better and more accessible workplace to our staff.”GHD’s local teams worked on the biophilic design of the new office. It is has approximately 120 working stations, four meeting rooms, and several collaboration areas. Aside from encouraging staff to interact freely within the area, the overall design of the new office has an "outdoor" feel, as evident in the textures/elements of its interiors.
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Philippine Resources - May 07, 2021
AC Energy Focuses on 12GW of Renewable Energy Projects
AC Energy (ACEN) is operating on approximately 12 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy (RE) projects, more than double its goal of five GW for 2025, as it strives to become Southeast Asia's largest listed RE network. At COL Financial's briefing, ACEN President and CEO Eric Francia said the 12GW of projects placed the Ayala-led company in a fantastic position to achieve its long-term goals. Solar and wind platforms will make up the majority of the projects it plans to begin in 2021. With 5,200 megawatts (MW), Australia leads the way, followed by the Philippines with 3,400MW, Vietnam with 2,400MW, and India and other Asia-Pacific countries with 900MW. 1,000MW of the 12GW projects in the pipeline are expected to reach financial close in the next six to twelve months, bringing the company more than halfway to its target. By the end of the year, ACEN hopes to obtain regulatory clearance for the influx of foreign funds. The Ayala Group's power arm is maintaining a follow-on offering (FOO) until Friday, with shares priced at Php6.50 per share. “We are grateful for the continued support of our regulators and for the overwhelming response we received from the institutional investors during the book-building process. The exceptional investor support reinforces AC Energy’s position as the region’s leading renewables platform,” Francia said in a statement disclosed to the Philippine Stock Exchange. The FOO is part of a five-step effort by the company to generate Php30 billion for clean energy programs this year. “The FOO completes the company’s successful fundraising efforts this year and allows it to play a meaningful role in the green-led recovery,” Francia added.
Philippine Resources - May 07, 2021
$14B in planned LNG infrastructure in PHL at risk of being stranded
According to the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA), nearly $14 billion worth of proposed LNG import infrastructure in the Philippines could become stranded assets as the cost of renewable power production falls. “All 10.9 GW (gigawatts) of LNG-fired power capacity in the current pipeline — with an estimated value of $13.6 billion in total investment — is at risk of being stranded as the market adapts to lower-cost renewable power generation,” IEEFA, an organization that examines energy markets, trends and policies, said in a report. Investments in LNG power plants, ports, regasification facilities, and pipelines are included in the estimated number. According to the paper, which was written by IEEFA energy finance analyst Sam Reynolds, the ventures will be impacted by long-term price fluctuations in global LNG markets. “Following the outbreak of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) crisis, demand destruction caused JKM (Japan Korean Marker) prices to plummet to $1.85/MMBtu (per million British Thermal Unit) in May 2020,” IEEFA said, referring to what it described as the benchmark spot price for LNG in Asian markets. Production halts, cold weather in Asia, and shipment delays, according to the IEEFA, drove prices up to $32.50/MMBtu in January. “The Texas energy crisis in February and the blocking of the Suez Canal by a container ship in April demonstrate the wide range of international factors that can influence LNG prices. In the long term, global LNG markets are likely to tighten, adding upward pressure to prices,” it added. According to IEEFA, the short-run marginal costs of an LNG-fired power plant in the Philippines are dictated by global fuel prices. “Volatility and long-term upward price risk, therefore, represent a serious threat to the utilization rates of potential LNG-fired power plants in the Philippines,” it said. Due to easing demand amid a COVID-19 pandemic, prices in the country's spot market were reported to have stayed poor last year. According to the IEEFA, if spot market prices fall further and LNG prices increase, merchant LNG plants would have lower dispatch rates and report declining returns over their lifespan. “While the short-run marginal costs of thermal generators are determined mainly by volatile fuel prices, renewable energy sources like wind and solar can essentially run for free when the sun is shining or the wind is blowing,” IEEFA said. “As more renewables are added to the market, gas-fired power plants are likely to go unused for long periods of time.” The Philippines' green energy auction scheme, which begins next month, is expected to lower the costs of RE technologies and foster greater price exploration, according to IEEFA, while the country's renewable portfolio requirements would encourage large-scale renewable energy production and lower power market prices. The auction scheme helps to qualify renewable energy producers to sell their output to customers who want green power at potentially lower rates than the market. Meanwhile, the portfolio requirements mandate the delivery utilities purchase a predetermined amount of electricity from eligible RE companies. According to IEEFA's report, the Philippines has a "long history of abandoned LNG-to-power schemes" because of regulatory issues. “Due to the complexity of LNG-to-power projects, project developers should continue to expect similar delays and analysts should recognize that regulatory delays are a common occurrence for Philippine LNG projects — even those in ‘advanced’ stages,” it added. Seven companies that want to construct LNG import terminals have already received permits from the Energy Department. Six companies have projects in Batangas, the province with the most gas-fired power plants in the world. FGEN LNG Corp., Excelerate Energy L.P., Batangas Clean Energy, Inc., Atlantic Gulf & Pacific Co. of Manila, Inc., Shell Group, and Vires Energy Corp. are some of the companies involved. An LNG plant is being built in Pagbilao, Quezon, by Energy World Gas Operations Philippines, Inc., which also has a permit. LNG imports, according to Energy Secretary Alfonso G. Cusi last year, are the "only way" to meet the country's electricity needs in the coming years. The LNG transition comes when the energy department has previously warned of the country's lone natural gas supplier's imminent shortage. According to the energy department, reserves from the Malampaya gas-to-power plant, which is situated off the coast of northern Palawan, will be exhausted by 2027. In 2019, the project produced 21.1 per cent of total gross power production.
Philippine Resources - May 07, 2021
DOTr Expresses Excitement Over Airport Developments
After leading the opening of the latest PHP222-million taxiway at the country's second-busiest air hub, Department of Transportation (DOTr) Secretary Arthur Tugade voiced excitement about existing developments at the Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIA). “The new taxiway will increase the capacity of MCIA to accommodate more aircraft, from 35 to 50 movements per hour, including wide-bodied aircraft,” Tugade said during the inauguration at the MCIA in Lapu-Lapu City. The taxiway, he said, would be a "huge help" in improving the airport's operations as the parallel runway is being built, giving MCIA an advantage to become "world-class and competitive." The extended taxiway, according to Tugade, is expected to increase passenger traffic and aircraft movement in the country's second-busiest air hub's general aviation sector. In readiness for potential expansions, this would also fit wide-body aircraft. Around 60 jobs were available during the building of the taxiway, and “more employment opportunities are expected as a result of the expected increase in the number of aircraft using the new taxiway,” he said. Aside from the taxiway, the DOTr chief also presided over the opening of the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAPnew )'s administration office, which is situated inside the airport complex. Tugade said that the building, which houses the agency's numerous facilities, would enable staff to offer more effective service and comfort to its stakeholders. Secretary Michael Lloyd Dino, the Presidential Assistant for the Visayas, who was among the other government officials present at the ceremony, stressed MCIA's significant position in the country's travel and transportation system, which has an economic effect, with "Cebu's stature as a major tourist and investment destination." “In fact, before the Covid-19 pandemic hit the country that resulted in travel restrictions and quarantine protocols, Cebu was bustling with foreign and domestic tourists, driving the economic growth substantially,” he said. In 2019, an estimated 4.3 million visitors visited Cebu, producing hundreds of thousands of jobs and investments for Cebuanos, particularly those in the countryside. Dino noted that the pandemic has had a significant impact on Cebu's economy, as well as the rest of the region. “But together with our national and local leaders, we are now looking towards recovery and the gradual reopening of the province to more tourists,” he said, mentioning the efforts of Governor Gwendolyn Garcia, who has led the economic reopening of the island. The economy of Central Visayas is dominated by Cebu. When the improved population quarantine was implemented in the second quarter of 2020, the city had a high unemployment rate of 16.7%. In the first quarter of 2021, the unemployment rate fell significantly to just 7%. In addition, when enterprises resumed operations in the third and fourth quarters of 2020, industrial power and petroleum demand increased. According to Dino, respondents to a business expectation survey conducted in Central Visayas this year showed upbeat business optimism. “Moving forward, we are expecting more domestic and international flights to come to Cebu once we’ve overcome this health crisis. Thus, the timely completion of the parallel taxiway would boost the efforts of making the MCIA a major regional hub. It will prove useful in optimizing the arrival and departure of aircraft which we expect to increase over time,” he noted. According to him, the Duterte administration's "Build, Build, Build" policy has improved the country's airport infrastructure. DOTr and CAAP have completed 121 airport projects under Tugade's leadership, including the award-winning MCIA and the Bohol-Panglao International Airport, the country's first eco-friendly airport.